Steel Industry Reductions in Carbon Dioxide Directly Tied To Energy Intensity Reductions

Between 1990 and 2009, the North American steel industry reduced the CO2 intensity per ton of steel produced by 35 percent and energy intensity 30 percent as a result of industry’s voluntary investments in R&D and resulting new technology.

Today, the American steel industry operates with the lowest energy consumption per ton of steel produced in the world.

Efforts to achieve incremental improvements in energy use and CO2 emission reductions will continue, however , in order to make major reductions in future energy/CO2 reductions, new methods of making steel will require completely fresh and innovative thinking.

Demonstrating that it will be part of the solution, the American steel industry is investing in the CO2 Breakthrough Program, an international effort to meet the climate change challenge.

Some of the key parameters in this calculation are the following:

  • Coal
  • Coke
  • Pig iron
  • Direct Reduced Iron
  • Nitrogen Gas
  • Electricity
  • Steam
  • Fuel oil (No.2 &No.6)
  • Reclaimed oil (typically none)
  • Limestone &Dolomite
  • Carbon electrodes
  • Credits for tar &light oil, off-site transfers of blast furnace gas, coke oven gas, electricity, steam, coke

The following are not included:

  • Oxygen, nitrogen or argon
  • Pellets
  • Burnt lime or burnt dolomite (no appreciable C)
  • Slag credits
  • Steel credits